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Semicossyphus pulcher


Profile

lexID:
4963 
AphiaID:
282753 
Scientific:
Semicossyphus pulcher 
German:
Kalifornischer Zahnlippfisch 
English:
California Sheephead 
Category:
Läppfiskar 
Family tree:
Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Labridae (Family) > Semicossyphus (Genus) > pulcher (Species) 
Initial determination:
(Ayres, ), 1854 
Occurrence:
Kaliforniska viken, Mexicanska golfen, Mexico (East Pacific), USA 
Sea depth:
0 - 55 Meter 
Size:
bis zu 91cm 
Temperature:
°C - 28°C 
Food:
Edible crab, Ostracodes (seed shrimps), Predatory, Sea squirts, Worms, Amphipods, Rock shrimps, Hummer, Krabbor, Languster, Räkor, Sjöborrar, Skaldjur, Sniglar, Stjöstjärnor 
Difficulty:
Not suitable for home aquaria! 
Offspring:
Not available as offspring 
Toxicity:
Toxic hazard unknown 
CITES:
Not evaluated 
Red List:
Endangered (EN) 
Related species at
Catalog of Life
:
 
Author:
Publisher:
Meerwasser-Lexikon.de
Created:
Last edit:
2013-01-08 10:57:00 

Husbandry

(Ayres, 1854)

Eastern Pacific: Monterey Bay in California, USA to Guadalupe Island (off northern central Baja California) and Gulf of California.

Prefer rocky bottom, particularly in kelp beds.

Male and female have different color patterns and body shapes.
Males are larger, with black tail and head sections, wide, reddish orange midboddy and red eyes.
Female are dull pink with white undersides. Both sexes sport white chins and large, protruding canine teeth that can pry hard-shelled animals from rocks.
After powerful jaws and sharp teeth crush the prey, modified throat bones grind the shells into small pieces.
They hunt actively during the day, but at night, as many wrasses do, they move to crevices and caves and wrap themselves in a mucus cocoon. Predators on the hunt can’t detect the fishes’ scent through the mucus covers.

Synonymised taxa:
Labrus pulcher Ayres, 1854
Pimelometopon pulcher (Ayres, 1854)

Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass) > Actinopterygii (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Labridae (Family) > Semicossyphus (Genus)

Pictures

Male

1
1
1
1
1

Juvenile


Female


Commonly


Husbandry know-how of owners

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