Head and body deep, strongly compressed; forehead straight; snout relatively short; top jaw protrusible; rear of top jaw exposed when mouth closed, without accessory bone above it; teeth fixed; preoperculum angular, serrated, several small forward pointing spines on lower edge near the corner; gill rakers 17-23; dorsal fin X, 14-17, no notch after spines, membranes between spines not indented; pelvics long, reach to or beyond anus; tail fin slightly forked; lateral line scales 48-53; soft dorsal and anal fins mostly scaleless.
Brown to red-brown above, yellow-brown below; a large oblique black blotch from eye to front of top jaw; a black spot on the base of the pectoral fin; usually a large black saddle on the top of the tail base; dorsal fin brown, tail, anal and pelvics yellow-brown, tail sometimes with dark stripes along the top and bottom borders; iris yellowish.
Reaches 13 cm.
Lives on reefs.
Depth range: 3-15 m.
The Florida Keys to the Caribbean.
Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system
Classification: Biota > Animalia (Kingdom) > Chordata (Phylum) > Vertebrata (Subphylum) > Gnathostomata (Superclass) > Pisces (Superclass) > Actinopteri (Class) > Perciformes (Order) > Percoidei (Suborder) > Serranidae (Family) > Serraninae (Subfamily) > Hypoplectrus (Genus) > Hypoplectrus randallorum (Species)